The functions of NIH under ordinance 1980:

  1. To advise the federal Government on the control of diseases by suitable methods
  2.  To implement all the schemes and proposals approved by the Federal Government for it
  3.  To investigate epidemics and other communicable diseases and to conduct research on these problems using modern techniques and achieve excellence in this behalf and to collaborate with other concerned agencies under the Government of the provincial Governemnts
  4. To develop methodology and standardize techniques for the investigation of various diseases prevalent in the country.
  5. To dissipate these techniques to the people working in the profession by holding training courses
  6. To develop an Institute of tropical diseases for research and training
  7. To function as national collection type culture (NCTC)
  8. To develop a National Virus Reference Center
  9. To conduct research and training in community medicine and health services development
  10. To control environment with special reference to air, water & food pollution
  11. To analyze and test the quality of drugs and act as the laboratory for the purpose of sub-section (5) of section 22 of the Drugs Act, 1976 (XXXI of 1976)
  12. To function as sole producer of vaccines and sera for prophylactic and therapeutic use and acquire capability of meeting domestic and foreign demands
  13. To conduct research on traditional system of medicine and to collaborate with the international agencies
  14. To impart training in drug analysis
  15. To collaborate with the WHO in quality control of drugs
  16. To conduct research on applied nutrition and undertake nutrition education programs.
  17. To advise the Federal Govt. in developing food standards and pure food laws in collaboration with the international agencies like the WHO and the Food and Agriculture Organization
  18. To train medical laboratory technicians and technologists
  19. To undertake repair and maintenance of sophisticated electromedical equipment for other institutions on agreed terms and conditions
  20. To function as a source of supply of small laboratory animals for use in research and other fields on agreed terms and conditions
  21. To perform such other functions related tot the matters aforesaid as the Board may decide with the approval of the Federal Government.
  22. The Institute may, with the approval of the Federal Government on behalf of a Provincial Government perform functions relating to research and investigation on health problems on such terms and conditions a may be agreed upon between the Institute and such Government.